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Manitoba’s Privacy Legislation

Last updated on December 1, 2021

Manitoba has specific privacy legislation for organizations operating in the public sector, but unlike British Columbia, Alberta, and Quebec, has no specific privacy legislation for organizations operating in the private sector. Instead, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) applies to the private sector.

Manitoba has specific privacy legislation for health service providers, just like Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Ontario.

The Ombudsman Act establishes the Ombudsman’s authority to conduct investigations in Manitoba. The Ombudsman is Charlene Paquin.

Public Sector Legislation

Manitoba’s public sector privacy legislation is the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FIPPA).

For example, FIPPA will apply to:

  • Local government bodies, municipalities, districts,
  • schools, colleges, universities,
  • hospitals, regional health authorities, health boards, and
  • Crown corporations.

Health Specific Regulation

Manitoba’s health specific privacy legislation is the Personal Health Information Act (PHIA). Also, read the regulation.

For example, PHIA will apply to:

  • hospitals, personal care homes, medical clinics, community health centres,
  • psychiatric facilities, laboratories, and
  • The Manitoba Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation.