Definition of Ransomware
Ransomware is malware installed by attackers on the computer of the victim for data kidnapping. The attackers execute a cryptovirology attack that harmfully affects it and demand ransom payment to decrypt kidnapped data. Hackers use this technique to lock your devices and require some money in return to grant you access to your data.
Overview of Ransomware
Ransomware are spread through infected programs, compromised websites and email attachments. A ransomware program is also known as a cryptovirus, cryptoworm or cryptotrojan. Attackers can use several approaches to extort money from their victims:
- If a victim discovers he/she is not able to open a file, he receives a ransom note via email demanding a particular amount of money for his/her private key. The attackers give a specific date to pay the ransom; otherwise, they can destroy your data or key forever.
- The target is tricked to believe that he is subject to a police inquiry. As he comes to know about illegal content and unlicensed software found on his/her computer, the victim is instructed for the payment of an electronic fine.
- The malware credulously encrypts the data of victim. The data kidnaper often anticipates that the victim will search solution of this problem on the internet and make some money by selling their anti-ransomware software on authentic websites.
Solution of Ransomware
To protect your data from kidnappers, you should backup your data on a regular basis. In the case of any attack, there is no need to pay any ransom. Just wipe your disk drive and restore data from backup.
Keep your computer software up to date, such as toolbar plug-ins, operating system, and browser. Keep your firewall protection and antivirus software up to date. You can download free anti-ransomware tools to remove ransomware viruses from your computer.